Migraine: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
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Migraine: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Migraine, a debilitating pain that comes as severe headaches and nausea. Migraine headaches usually affect one half of the head and pulsates to the other half, causing a lasting uneasiness, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, and sensitivity to sound (photophobia and phonophobia). Migraine headaches can last for 4 straight hours up to as long as 72 hours.

Migraine, a debilitating pain that comes as severe headaches and nausea. Migraine headaches usually affect one half of the head and pulsates to the other half, causing a lasting uneasiness, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, and sensitivity to sound (photophobia and phonophobia). Migraine headaches can last for 4 straight hours up to as long as 72 hours.

Etymology

The word Migraine was derived from the French word, migraigne, which has roots to Late Latin and Greek words, hermicrania or hemikrania; meaning half skull.

Symptoms

Migraine patients are known to suffer rationalized symptoms, which are triggered by routine activities. These symptoms include certain visual perceptions, such as an aura, olfactory, or other sensory experiences. These events act as a marker for a patient to know that a migraine is about to happen.

Heightened emotions and experiences may also constitute to triggering a migraine: A routine activity, an argument, or emotional distress. Complete symptoms are as follows:

* vomiting

* nausea

* a pounding or throbbing feeling deep in the head

* intensified reaction to light and sound

* blurry or hazy vision

* being unable to continue daily activities without interruption of sudden brief headaches

* pain when doing tasks, or sometimes even simply moving

Prodrome

Migraine patients experience a certain prodrome, or an early warning set of indicators even before the above symptoms may occur. Prodromes may or may not be enervating. For instance, a prodromal migraine aura: a kind of visual disturbance, manifesting as multi-colored strange lights, in circles or zigzags. However, prodomes can also manifest as mood swings, irritability, euphoria, yawning, exhaustion, fatigue, depression, drowsiness, or unusual food cravings.

Prodromal symptoms happen to 40-60 percent of migraine patients.

Postdrome

In certain people, the effects of migraine may continue far after the major headache has passed. This is called the postdrome. It lasts for hours or days and leaves a sore feeling in the area where the migraine was. A postdrome is comparable to a hung over, and is characterized by minor head pain, cognitive difficulties, gastrointestinal symptoms, euphoria, sleepiness, and mood alterations.

Causes

Besides the different triggers, the exact cause for migraine is unknown. The only most accepted theory today was that of a serotonergic control disorder; something which relates to synapses and a neurotransmitter called serotonin.

Treatments

Migraine treatments can range from any ordinary pain medication; analgesics for headaches, and antiemetic for the nausea. But most of the time, the best way to treat a migraine is to prevent it. Since migraine headaches have triggers, and patients are most likely to develop quick familiarity to them, these triggers could be much easily avoided.

Susceptibility

Migraine headaches are about thrice more common in women than in men; in all migraine susceptible ages. 

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Comments (1)

One of the best treatment for Migrane is Yoga - Anulom Vilom. It helps curing Migrane.

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